What is a Golden Record in Master Data Management?

Last Published: Sep 19, 2023 |
Jennifer Wayland
Jennifer Wayland

Updated on April 1, 2021

If you are as long in the tooth as I am - you are familiar with Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory...one of the major plot points revolves around Charlie getting the "golden ticket" which allows him access to Willy Wonka's factory...but there are only 5 golden tickets available. 

Within the world of Master Data Management (MDM) - there is a concept of a "golden record." This is (hopefully) not as elusive as the Wonka Golden Ticket - but equally as important. This golden record gives you access to the most pure, validated and complete picture of your individual records in your domain.

What is Master Data Management MDM-Golden Record?

Let's start with defining the terms from the previous paragraph:

  • Golden record (according to whatis) " is a single, well-defined version of all the data entities in an organizational ecosystem. In this context, a golden record is sometimes called the "single version of the truth," where "truth" is understood to mean the reference to which data users can turn when they want to ensure that they have the correct version of a piece of information. The golden record encompasses all the data in every system of record (SOR) within a particular organization.
  • Domain is an area of control or knowledge. In the context of MDM - it refers to the type of data you want to master. For the payer market - it is typical to start with a member or provider domain, but there can be many, many different types of domains.
  • Master Data Management (MDM) is a concept that allows an enterprise to take data from many different systems, de-duplicating and combining that disparate data into a golden record. It should also include workflow capabilities to handle records that fall outside the auto-merge thresholds for the organization as well as user interfaces to define data hierarchies and relationships.

How to Implement a Master Data Management Solution

One of the trickiest parts of implementing a Master Data Management solution is creating the workflow around this golden record. You need to consider all of your data sources, which fields from which data sources tend to be more reliable and what are the criteria for allowing the field from one system to populate an MDM field over another. In other words, if you have an enrollment system that captures the member's name and a claims system that also captures the member's name - which of these two systems tend to have the most correct member's name? Is there another source system that is particularly reliable for capturing address - but the member name tends to be off? 

One of the main considerations in the creation and maintenance of the golden record is matching and merging records.  If there are two records that are pretty similar, what is the process for inclusion in the golden record? - for instance consider the two records below:

Last Name First Name Member # Phone Number Street Address City, State
Wayland Jennifer 201215 7065842 123 Maine Street Camden, Maine
Wayland Jenn 201211 2078675309 123 Main Street Camden, Maine

The last names are the same as are the City, State fields. All of the other fields are different - in the world of a golden record, they don't create an automatic match/merge. For the sake of this example - let's say that we know that the first record comes from a source that has great reliability for names and addresses, while the second record comes from a source that is known for highly accurate member numbers and phone numbers. With good MDM solutions there should be a toolset that allows you to automate the merge functionality as much as possible. For this example, you could set up the workflow to obtain the records from the two sources, set up the criteria for merging/matching (take the name from the first record, the member number and phone number from the second record, and the addresses from the first record. The following could be the golden record for this member:

Last Name First Name Member # Phone Number Street Address City, State
Wayland Jennifer 201211 2078675309 123 Maine Street Camden, Maine

Where matching and merging get interesting is when the source fields are not clear "winners." There will be situations where manual intervention is necessary to determine which record should take precedence. For this - a workflow manager toolkit is very helpful. It will assign records to a data steward who can then make the judgment based on their specific experience and knowledge of the data set which field from which record should take precedence. It can also have approval mechanisms before a record is finally and truly merged resulting in a modification to the existing golden record for a specific member. 

How to Implement a Master Data Management Solution

As a result of the complexity of implementing a Master Data Management solution - it will help to start with picturing your golden record. Can you answer the following questions?

  • What information needs to be captured in your golden record?
    • Related to this - is there any information that is not necessarily specific to the domain but may be interesting when attaching relationships to a record (attaching a provider to a specific member)
  • What are all the sources of data for the record?
  • Are all the sources currently integrated? How easily can new records or updated records be shared?
  • Which source is the best source for which fields?
  • What is the threshold your company can tolerate for automatic merges?
  • What approval process needs to be in place before a merge takes place? Who needs to look at the record/recommendation before the merge is complete?

For additional information on new Master Data Management capabilities and trends – attend this webinar: Trends in MDM.

First Published: May 07, 2015